Many real-world phenomena can be phrased in terms of networks.
As we just explained, a network consists of objects with connections between them.
Probability theory is the part of mathematics that studies chance. This is best illustrated by games of chance.
Algorithms Mobile phones, ATMs, modern cars, televisions, e-readers: none of them would work without software.
Often there are different strategies to perform a given task leading to different algorithms.
Random graphs are graphs that are produced using probabilistic rules.